Death Cross – QuantConnect Algorithm

Death crosses are useful as trailing indicators. Specifically, a death cross occurs when the long term moving average passes above the short term moving average. The graph below depicts a death cross, highlighted in pink. It is a sign that the security is likely to fall in value.

Graph showing example of a death cross
Chart generated from

Intuitively, this makes sense. The moving average is a trend over time. If the short term moving average falls below the long term moving average, it’s an indicator something has recently changed — for the worse.

Like any indicator, a death cross is far from foolproof. Since it’s a lagging indicator, if the downturn is short lived, by the time the indicator forms, the equity may have resumed an upward trend. In this instance, acting on the death cross is disadvantageous to the investor.

The opposite of a death cross is a golden cross. That is, a golden cross occurs if the short term moving average crosses above the long term average. A golden cross appears in the graph above in early August and is a sign of an upward trend.

Below are the results of a simple algorithm using death and golden crosses. The algorithm will go long on a golden cross and liquidate on a death cross.

Crosses really shine when used in conjunction with other indicators. The performance of crosses alone is far from groundbreaking.

Feel free to modify the algorithm on QuantConnect (GitHub). Changing the slow/fast period or symbol is a good place to start.

Have any algorithms that use crosses? A burning question I neglected to answer? Let me know in the comments!

NextCloud vs. OwnCloud: History & Feature Comparison

If you’ve done research into self-hosted cloud storage, there are two main contenders that typically pop up: Nextcloud and ownCloud. So which one’s right for you? What’s the real difference between the two? Let’s find out.

For the impatient among you, I’m going to get right to the point. Nextcloud is the superior option in nearly every case. Why? I guess you’ll have to keep reading.

The story began long ago (2010), in a far away land (Germany). Frank Karlitschek, a KDE developer, started working on ownCloud. He envisioned an alternative to DropBox, one more focused on privacy. In his blog, he argued “Privacy is the foundation of democracy.” In 2011, ownCloud Inc. was born in conjunction with the original software release. The company went on to raise 6.3 million USD in 2014 as it started to target more lucrative enterprise clients. The future looked bright for the young startup, but just two years later, things got messy.

On April 27, 2016 Frank Karlitschek left ownCloud. A few short days later, he founded Nextcloud, a direct rival. Karlitschek stayed pretty tight-lipped about the whole situation, but actions speak very loudly here. Leaving the company you co-founded and days later creating a competitor is a bold move indeed.

Investors agreed. Behind the scenes, ownCloud was on the verge of sealing a major deal. Karlitschek, along with several other core members, abandoning ship to form Nextcloud, was more than enough to send investors reeling. And the final nail in the coffin? Nextcloud decided to offer free support for any users migrating from ownCloud.

Just days later, ownCloud (the US company) shut its doors for the last time. So why the debate? OwnCloud is dead, right? Well… not quite. Like a good zombie, it won’t go down easy. While US based ownCloud Inc. had all its credit revoked, the parent German company, ownCloud GmbH, carries on to this day.

Karlitschek has never discussed the exact reasons leading up to his departure, though in the blog post announcing his resignation, he states, “…the company could have done a better job recognizing the achievements of the community. It sometimes has a tendency to control the work too closely and discuss things internally.” Most speculate ownCloud’s lack of interest in the outside development community ultimately lead to Karlitchek’s decision.

Today, OwnCloud continues to focus on its enterprise business, having a number of features available only to paying customers. In contrast, Nextcloud focuses heavily on security features: brute force protection, 2FA, video verification, and more. Nextcloud also remains 100% open source. This means all its features are included standard — enterprise customers just pay for support.

Enough history, let’s get on with the feature list.

Feature NextCloud ownCloud
Open source Mostly
Unlimited storage
Mobile app support
Automatic media upload
Integration with Outlook Premium only
Text search
Version control
Calendar, contacts, etc x
Notifications x
Server-side encryption
Client-side encryption Yes, but buggy x
Access controls Great Good

Normally, I would jump right into the feature comparison, but I felt in this unique case, the history should play a role in the decision. Which software do you use? Let me know in the comments.